(Curling terminology, background and
rules, as provided by the U.S. Curling Association, headquartered in Stevens
BROOM - the
instrument used to sweep the ice. Brooms with brush heads are most common.
CURL - a twist
of the stone's handle upon release makes the stone curl, or curve, as it travels
down the ice. The rock curls in the direction of the turn.
the body motion of a curler as the rock is being shot.
a rock that stops in front of or in the house.
similar to an inning in baseball. One end is complete when all 16 rocks (eight
per team) have been thrown to one end. A game is usually eight ends, or about
two hours. Championship games are 10 ends, or about 2 1/2 hours. After each end,
the score is determined.
- a draw that finishes in front of and next to another rock.
a rock between the hog line and the house used to prevent the opposition from
hitting a rock in the house.
a rubber foothold from which curlers deliver the rock. It is about 125 feet from
the scoring area.
- the last rock of each end.
HEAVY ICE -
when the ice is "slow" and the rocks have to be thrown harder.
- located 21 feet from each tee. A rock must be released before the near hog
line, and travel beyond the far hog line, or it is removed from play.
the scoring area, 12 feet in diameter, with concentric circles of four and eight
feet in diameter inside.
a command shouted by the skip or shooter to tell the sweepers to sweep.
- when the ice is "fast" and less momentum is needed to get the rock
to the desired target.
the player who delivers the first two rocks of each end, alternating with the
- a rock delivered inside the intended line of delivery.
a draw that raises, or moves, another rock into the house.
a curling team, which consists of four players: the skip, third (or vice skip),
second and lead. All players are involved in every shot, with one shooting, two
sweeping, and one calling strategy. Two rinks play against each other.
also known as stones, curling rocks are made of rare, dense, and polished
granite quarried only on Ailsa Craig, an island off Scotland's coast. Each rock
weighs 42 pounds.
- only one rink scores per end, that being the rink with the rock closest to the
center of the house. Points are awarded for each rock closer to the center than
the opponent's. The maximum score in an end is eight, which is very rare.
Typically one to three points are scored per end. The team with the highest
total at game's end is the winner.
- the player who delivers the second two rocks of each end for his team or her,
alternating with the opponent's second.
the 146-foot long ice playing area. The sheet's design allows play in both
the player who holds the broom as a target for shots by the other three players.
Skips are also the team strategists and must study, or read, the ice; anticipate
the amount of curl, and then call the shots. Skips usually throw the last two
rocks of each end.
- worn over the shoe on the sliding foot in the delivery of a stone to allow for
a long, smooth motion and follow through. Specially-made curling shoes have
sliders built in.
- when the ice conditions do not allow the stones to curl much.
- players sweep to make the rock travel farther or to keep it from curling more
than desired. Good sweepers can increase the distance a stone travels by as much
as 15 feet. Sweeping creates a thin film of water under the rock, allowing it to
glide easier. Two players are ready to sweep each shot.
- when ice conditions cause stones to curl greatly.
a type of shot that removes another rock from play.
the center of the house, also known as the button.
THIRD - the
player who delivers the third two rocks of each end, alternating with the
opponent's third. Also known as the vice skip, this player holds the broom, or
target, when the skip shoots, and also helps the skip with game strategy.
WIDE - a rock delivered outside the